The Church of Santa Monica, Panay Capiz

Another travel adventure with wowtrippers in Isla de Gigantes, our meet up is 11AM and since ill be arriving way to much early since ill be coming from Iloilo and them from Manila I decided to research any tourist spot in Roxas. But i can’t seem to find any interesting spot until i found this very beautiful old church.

panay13.jpg

 

From Iloilo I took a Ceres bus from Tagbak Jaro terminal to Roxas which took me around 3hrs bus ride and from the terminal my friend pick me up and we go to St. Pius X Seminary which is located beside the terminal of Ceres. It was just a quick tour of the seminary and I also left my heavy bag there. From St. Pius X Seminary we rented a tricycle going to the town of Pan-ay (we pay 30PHP each for the tricycle). After 20min tricycle ride we reach the point of destination the town of Pan-ay which believed was the 2nd oldest town in the Philippines since it was the 2nd spanish settlement.

 

 

Im so amazed when I saw the facade of the Spanish/Mexican Baroque design of the church. The grand structure of the church is made up of coral stone which is 70m long 25m wide and 18m high. On the left side of the church stands a five level belfry it is known as the biggest and the mostly likely the heaviest Christian bell in Asia and according to our church tour guide it is also the 3rd largest bell in the world.  The massive artefact, called dakong lingganay (big bell) was cast in 1878 using 70 sacks of coins. it is about 7ft. in height and 5ft. in diameter and weighs 10.4 tons.

 

 

Inside the church, floor is covered with marble. Its structure is shaped in the form of latin cross with one large central altar and four lateral ones, the gilded retablos is gilded gorgeously sculptured of a fine hardwood. Various polychromed statues are highly decorated in an artistic quality.

 

 

In 1997, The Church of Santa Monica was declared a National Landmark by the national Historical Institute of the Philippines

 

 

Another fascinating finds is the century old well the Fuente de Vida located at the back of the church’s convent. According to our guide it was the source of water supply way back 1500.

facebooktwittergooglelinkedinpinterestemail

San Agustin Church, Manila

I really like the side street of San Agustin Church, Its like your walking in Calle Crisologo in Vigan actually that was the first thing that I notice while walking towards the church. Then there was the façade of the church, as for me it very modern seeing that the church was newly painted I was expecting a brick wall or adobe wall but the other side of the church was something like what I expected. Also along side the church was a mini-museum (entrance is 100PHP for adult).


IMG_2447
Side street of the church

IMG_2446
Facade

The Church is always close they will just open it if there is a mass or wedding. Since I went there for the wedding, so I got a chance to see the beautiful architecture inside. I was so amazed of the beauty and wondering how they preserve it. I love the ceiling of the church, makes me proud of our rich culture.

IMG_2466
View from the main door
IMG_2468
Ceiling
IMG_2469
Altar

IMG_2470

San Agustín Church is a Roman Catholic church under the auspices of The Order of St. Augustine, located inside the historic walled city of Intramuros in Manila. Completed by 1607, it is the oldest church currently standing in the Philippines. No other surviving building in the Philippines has been claimed to pre-date San Agustin Church.

In 1993, San Agustin Church was one of four Philippine churches constructed during during the Spanish colonial period designated by the UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, under the classification “Baroque Churches of the Philippines”. It had been named a National Historical Landmark by the Philippine government in 1976.

History of the church

The present structure is actually the third Augustinian church erected on the site. The first San Agustin Church was the first religious structure constructed by the Spaniards on the island of Luzon. Made of bamboo and nipa, it was completed in 1571, but destroyed by fire in December, 1574 during the attempted invasion of Manila by the forces of Limahong. A second church made of wood was constructed on the site. This was destroyed in February, 1583, in a fire that started when a candle set ablaze the drapes of the funeral bier during the interment of the Spanish Governor-General Gonzalo Ronquillo de Peñalosa. The Augustinians decided to rebuild the church using stone, and to construct as well an adjacent monastery. Construction began in 1586, from the design of Juan Macias. The structure was built using hewn adobe stones quarried from Meycauayan, Binangonan and San Mateo, Rizal. The work proceeded slowly due to the lack of funds and materials, as well as the relative scarcity of stone artisans. The monastery was operational by 1604, and the church was formally declared as completed on January 19, 1607, and named St. Paul of Manila. Macias, who had died before the completion of the church, was officially acknowledged by the Augustinians as the builder of the edifice.

San Agustin Church was looted by the British forces which occupied Manila in 1762 during the Seven Years’ War. It withstood major earthquakes that struck Manila in 1645, 1754, 1852, 1863, and 1880. In 1854, the church was renovated under the supervision of architect Luciano Oliver. On August 18, 1898, the church was the site where Spanish Governor-General Fermin Jaudenes prepared the terms for the surrender of Manila to the United States of America following the Spanish-American War.

During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during World War II, San Agustin Church was turned into a concentration camp for prisoners. During the final days of the Battle of Manila, hundreds of Intramuros residents and clergy were held hostage in the church by Japanese soldiers; many of the hostages would be killed during the three-week long battle. The church itself survived the bombardment of Intramuros by American and Filipino forces with only its roof destroyed, the only one of the seven churches in the walled city to remain standing. The adjacent monastery however was totally destroyed, and would be rebuilt in the 1970s as a museum under the design of architect Angel Nakpil.

Something to know about the church

San Agustín Church measures 67.15 meters long and 24.93 meters wide. Its elliptical foundation has allowed it to withstand the numerous earthquakes that have destroyed many other Manila churches. It is said that the design was derived from Augustinian churches built in Mexico, and is almost an exact copy of Puebla Cathedral in Puebla, Mexico. The facade is unassuming and even criticized as “lacking grace and charm”, but it has notable baroque touches, especially the ornate carvings on its wooden doors.[5] The church courtyard is graced by several granite sculptures of lions, which had been gifted by Chinese converts to Catholicism.

The church interior is in the form of a Latin cross. The church has 14 side chapels and a trompe-l’oeil ceiling painted in 1875 by Italian artists Cesare Alberoni and Giovanni Dibella. Up in the choir loft are hand-carved 17th-century seats of molave, a beautiful tropical hardwood. The church contains the tomb of Spanish conquistadors Miguel López de Legazpi, Juan de Salcedo and Martín de Goiti, as well as several early Spanish Governors-General and archbishops. Their bones are buried in a communal vault near the main altar. The painter Juan Luna, and the statesmen Pedro A. Paterno and Trinidad Pardo de Tavera are among the hundreds of laypersons whose remains are also housed within the church.

San Agustin Church also hosts an image of Our Lady of Consolation (Nuestra Senora de Consolacion y Correa), which was canonically crowned by Manila Archbishop Cardinal Jaime Sin in 2000.

facebooktwittergooglelinkedinpinterestemail
   

Photos

panay25.jpgpanay15.jpg
panay19.jpgpanay20.jpg
panay6.jpg





www.flickr.com

Recent Posts

Tags

Recent Comments