Mount Samat


Mount Samat is a mountain in the Town of Pilar, Province of Bataan, Republic of the Philippines that is the site of the Dambana ng Kagitingan or “Shrine of Valor”.


Along with the island fortress of Corregidor, Mount Samat was the site of the most vicious battle against the Japanese Imperial Army in 1942 during the Battle of Bataan.


Suffering heavy losses against the Japanese all over Luzon, Filipino and American soldiers retreated to Bataan Peninsula to regroup for a last valiant but futile stand. This retreat to Bataan is part of a United States strategy known as War Plan Orange.


After fierce battle lasting 3 days, 78,000 exhausted, sick and starving men under Major General Edward P. King surrendered to the Japanese on April 9, 1942. It was, and still is, the single largest surrender of U.S. and Philippine Forces ever. These forces were then led on the Bataan Death March.


The mountain is now a war memorial. A huge white cross stands as a mute but eloquent reminder of the men who died there. The Memorial Cross is a towering structure made of concrete, steel and marble. It is 92 meters high and the arms’ length is 15 meter on each side. It is 555 meters above sea level. An elevator goes up to the arms of the cross where the viewing galleries are found. The exterior finish of the cross at the base up to an 11-meter level is capped with “Nabiag Nga Bato” sculptural bas relief’s depicting significant battles and historical events. It also acts as a tourist attraction with a war museum nearby that has a wide array of displays from paintings of the Philippine heroes to armaments used by the American, Filipino and Japanese forces during the heat of the battle.


Museo De Rosendo Mejica, Iloilo

Rosendo Mejica is a famous essayist-journalist during the Japanese regime. He founded the Makinaugalingon Press in Iloilo City that stresses the awareness and educates Filipino of the Hiligaynon Literature.

The Philippine government built the Museo de Rosendo Mejica to display valuable memorabilia, facts about the social and cultural literature of the Hiligaynon and the English & Spanish literature dating from the last quarter of the 19th century up to the 6th decade of the 20th century.

This museum located in Molo, Iloilo City also showcases the furniture’s, household objects and other memorabilia of the Mejica family.

Address: 251 Lopez Jaena St., Baluarte Molo Iloilo City, Iloilo, Western Visayas
Open Hours: 9:00am – 5:00pm (Monday to Friday)



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